Model Essays.

1. Some parents believe that reading books for entertainment is a waste of time for children. They think that children should only read serious educational books. What is your opinion?

Few parents consider reading entertaining books as a waste of time. Instead, they prefer their children should only read academic books. While many parents suggest that children should read books related to syllabus, I believe that children should not only be restricted to read specific kind of school books since entertainment books assist for better future prospects in life, and acts as a stress reducer. This essay will support the arguments to my opinion in ensuring paragraphs.

Reading entertainment books is an exceptional way to develop successful career. This is because reading such books help children to improve their learning aptitudes and make them independent learners. Additionally, they get an opportunity to know more about their field of curiosity which will positively help them in the future with rewarding opportunities. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 90% of children reading entertainment books at early age possesses high decision-making and creative skills which are beneficial for their future development. Thus, from the above explanation it is apparent that by reading entertainment books children develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills for future development.

Another valid reason for allowing children to read entertainment books by parents is the fact that it can act as a stress buster for them. This is because at young age children are highly tensed by academic school pressure which could lead to chronic pressure related diseases such as paralysis and depression. Moreover, many kids are too busy with their homework and do not have time to play creatively or relax after school. If a child develops this reading entertainment books habit, he will develop the sense of joy, and this would be helpful in distressing him from tremendous pressure of his studies. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at children age groups under 18 concluded that 50% of children who read entertainment books at young age are happier than those children who read only academic books. Therefore, this is beneficial for children’s joyfulness.

To conclude, although some parents advise their children not to read books other than educational ones, reading entertainment books are advantageous for their better future prospects and inner contentment.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
2. Caring for Children is very important for our society. Consequently, all mothers and fathers should take child care training course. To what extent you agree or disagree?

Since children are considered crucial part of our community, parents are encouraged to take up child care training course. While many parents may disagree, I strongly believe that child care training would help to gain knowledge about various features, which are fundamental to bring up children, such as knowing better facts about teenagers’ growth, and appropriate communicating ways. This essay will support the arguments to my opinion in ensuring paragraphs.

Enrolling in child care course will give parents a better understanding of child development. This is because today's children are maturing at a rapid rate than their preceding generations attributed by the constant dose of various influences by social media and society. This often makes tough for mother and father to understand their child's behaviour. Additionally, such counselling course will teach parents about the correct way to interact with a young child in such situations, and to evaluate growth of young child. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 90% of parents who take child care course equip them with the appropriate knowledge and skills about their child’s nurturing. Thus, from the above explanation it is apparent that by taking child care skills course helps parents to be more knowledgeable about their child’s critical development phases.

Another valid reason is by such course parents learn about the suitable interactive ways with young children. This is because it will upskill parents to really listen and respond in a sensitive way to all kinds of child’s negative emotions such as anger, embarrassment, sadness and fear. Moreover, parents can improve their communication with their child by showing them that they value his thoughts and feelings, and helping him to express it. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at children age groups under 10 concluded that 70% of children, whose parents have undergone child training course, were better at expressing their feelings to others. Therefore, such courses are beneficial for encouraging children to share their feelings.

To conclude, although some experts advise it is unnecessary for parents to take part in childcare course, such courses are advantageous to parents not only for better understanding of their children development stages but also help them to be more expressive.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
3. Most schools offer some type of physical education program to their students. Why is physical education important? Should physical education classes be required or optional?

Physical education has become a significant part of the curriculum process by most schools for betterment of students. This essay will first suggest the principal cause of teaching physical education to students is that it builds self-confidence, and then explain that physical education should be made mandatory in schools as it is one of the key ways to improve students’ overall health and fitness.

The foremost reason is physical education is a powerful medium which can teach pupils valuable lessons about building self-reliance. This is because participation in physical education in high school can improve students' psychological health, leading to increased self-esteem. Additionally, it provides team work skills between students that aid to foster team relationship between peers, which is a key component of self-confidence. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 90% of students who had the privilege of physical education in school syllabus were not only more confident but also were more successful in achieving their aspirations. Thus, from the above explanation it is apparent that physical education helps pupils to develop self-confidence.

By participating in school's physical education programs can help students to improve their health and complete body fitness. This is because physical activity keeps the body strong and healthy and improves mental health by decreasing depression, anxiety, pain and loneliness. Moreover, physical activity also improves focus, school performance, sleep and energy levels of children. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at schools where physical education was taught as a mandatory subject concluded that their students were more influenced positively, and were more physically and mentally active. Hence, physical education classes in schools should be made compulsory for children’s overall physical and psychological betterment.

To conclude, although some school authorities do not like physical education, such programs are important in building self-confidence amongst students, and improves overall mental and physical well-being, therefore, every school should implement physical education activities in their school curriculum as obligatory.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
4. Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology. In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships people make? Has this become a positive or negative development?

It is an irrefutable fact that technologies in recent years have translated the path that people communicate with each other. This essay will first discuss that these high-tech devices have been proved to be highly effective in bringing relatives close that are living overseas, and then explain that such technological advancements is a boon and have large positive influence on business productivity.

The foremost reason is that unlike past through technology it has been extremely convenient to get in touch with the family members who are living abroad. This is because various social media platforms are increasingly being used within family settings to interact with friends and families living out of country. Additionally, adolescents use it to get advice and support from adult family members they know and respect who are living away. For instance, in India, the study based on 5 years of close observation discovered that approximately 90% of Indians use social media technology to stay in touch with their overseas friends and family members, and for them it is one of the major reasons of using social media sites like Facebook and Instagram. Thus, from the above explanation it is apparent that technology plays a pivotal role in keeping up with family members living in a foreign country.

Besides personal communications, official and business communications have become easier. This is because rapid advancement in communication technology help to increase business productivity. Moreover, these electronically based communication systems are used to broadcast routine and critical business information in a quick and efficient manner. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at top 100 market leading companies in India concluded that their employees use video-conferencing software to collaborate remotely with their clients which effectively allows businesses to reach their goals. Therefore, technology is seen to have a positive effect on society and has converted entire world into small global village.

To conclude, although some older people are rejecting technological advancements, it helps to connect long distance family members easily, and provides greater business efficiency and versatility.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
5. More and more people are opting for ready-made food instead of freshly cooked food? Discuss the advantage and disadvantage for people who decide to do this.

A large number of individuals elect pre-made food rather than preparing fresh meal. This essay will suggest that time saving is the major advantage of this and presence of artificial chemicals, which could lead to obesity, is the primary disadvantage.

Time saving is one of the most obvious advantage of ready-to-eat meals. This is because cooking at home involves advanced preparation of food whereas pre-packed food can be bought straight from the superstore shelf without any pre-preparation. Additionally, pre-packed food is easier to carry around since they are properly packaged to increase the comfort of consumption. For instance, in The UK, the study based on 3 years of close observation discovered that approximately 99% of people from age group 20 – 35 consumes ready made meals to save time. Thus, from the above explanation it is apparent that by choosing ready-to-eat food saves time.

Despite this advantage, pre-packed food contains synthetic chemicals and preservatives which are extremely unhealthy and leads to obesity. This is because intake of large amount of such food increases fat and sugar level in the body, and can put people at risk of being overweight or obese. Moreover, increased consumption of such foods comes at a cost and is associated with illness and additional health risks. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at two groups in India, one eating pre-packaged food and other group eating home made food for three months concluded that the group that consumed pre-packed food gained 30% more weight and were feeling ill in that period compared to participants of the other group. Therefore, eating pre-packed food is unhealthy, and can seriously affect the health of individuals due to artificial additives present in it.

In conclusion, eating pre-packed food can be advantageous as cooking time could be saved, however, individuals should also be careful that by consuming high amount of it could lead to diet-related lethal chronic disease called obesity.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
6. Nowadays, with the advancement of technology, people can work and live anywhere they want. Discuss its advantage and disadvantage.

It is an irrefutable fact that with the progressive developments in technology, employees are able to reside and work in any part of the globe. This essay will suggest that more choices of jobs in any part of the world is the major advantage of this and loss of social life is the primary disadvantage.

Selection of more jobs, which are not available locally, is one of the most obvious advantage of technological advancement. This is because with the arrival of free video conferencing and voice calling facilities employees can offer their services worldwide to employers from home. Additionally, the development of technologies brings the promise of safety and convenience. For instance, in The UK, the study based on 2 years of close observation discovered that approximately 60% of employees working in customer service centre are Indians who work home-based from India. Thus, from the above explanation it is apparent that technological development is beneficial for job selection globally.

Despite this advantage, such development in technology affects employee’s social life since they work from home. This is because these employees spend most of their time at home in front of computer screen to complete their office work often neglecting families and friends. Moreover, high use of advanced technology not only alter social culture but also have negative repercussions on physical health causing vision problems, hearing loss and neck strain. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at top 10 customer service businesses in the USA concluded that 70% of home-based working employees social skills and social life are affected due to modern technology. Therefore, it affects individual’s social interaction and hinder communication with family and acquaintance.

In conclusion, modern technological advancement can be advantageous as individuals can select from wide variety of jobs available worldwide, however, they should also be careful that by working from home could impact their social life interaction.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
7. Nowadays, it is possible to move ocean creatures from their natural habitat at sea and have them relocated in amusement parks for the purpose of people’s recreation. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?

Presently, many ocean species are shifted from their marine habitation into fun parks for the sake of entertaining people. This essay will argue that the disadvantages of this outweigh the benefits. The essay will first demonstrate that the ocean animals are unable to survive when shifted and will feel emotionally painful in an artificial environment followed by analysis of how the primary advantage, namely people feeling thrilled by watching marine species, is not valid.

The main reason aquatic species translocated from their native areas struggle to live. This is because due to variation in temperatures species are unable to adjust in that false environment, and if actively not managed, chances are to lose them. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 90% of marine species died when shifted to entertainment parks from their natural habitat due to temperature variations. Another valid reason that marine animals will feel emotionally weak when displaced from their natural environment. In other words, these creatures will show sign of behavioural changes of pain and suffering. A recent survey by World Wide Fund found that marine species who are kept in their natural habitat were significantly more likely to feel happier and showed no sign of emotional pain than those relocated in entertainment park.

Those opposed to this say that shifting these creatures into parks not only gives an exciting opportunity to visitors to get close and to see aquatic animals in person but also can have a more memorable experience. However, there is actually no evidence to support this view since marine animals live in lifetime captivity, and are always dependent on humans’ which changes animals’ behaviour. Moreover, visitors approaching very close to marine creatures might be dangerous, also could kill them due to such mental illness.

To conclude, the fact that marine animals displaced in entertaining parks affects their survival and disturb them psychologically clearly outweighs the flawed argument that people feel excited to have a glimpse of aquatic species.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
8. Some people think that it would be better for large companies and industry to move to regional areas outside large urban centres. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

It is often thought by some individuals that it will be advantageous for larger companies and industries if they are relocated to rural areas away from urban zones. This essay will argue that the advantages of this outweigh the drawbacks. The essay will first demonstrate that by shifting to less populated rural areas companies will get enough space for dumping of waste, and land prices are inexpensive followed by analysis of how the primary disadvantage, namely lack of skilled workers, is not valid.

The main reason in countryside unlike urban areas companies will be allotted their own landfill site for managing their waste. This is because companies and industries produce several waste products during manufacturing process which requires adequate space for its disposal. This necessity can be sufficed in rural areas as it is less densely populated in comparison with city areas. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 90% of large manufacturing businesses shift to rural areas since ample space is available for waste treatment, storage and disposal. Another valid reason that these industries find prices of industrial land at economical rate to set up business. In other words, industrial investors will convert agricultural land into commercial use at extremely low prices. A recent survey by an independent business analyst concluded that in Gujarat, India approximately 80% of farmland in rural areas are utilized commercially as a result of cost-effective land prices in comparison with soaring land prices in metropolitan cities.

Those opposed to this say that shifting to rural areas industries face challenges of finding high skilled labour. However, there is actually no evidence to support this view since majority of people residing in villages are not only literate but also are highly skilled and trained personnel. Moreover, large companies could provide accommodation by constructing living quarters to their capable staff if they are not available in remote areas.

To conclude, the fact that moving large industries to rural areas will benefit them to acquire abundant waste disposal space and to buy commercial land at competitive price clearly outweighs the flawed argument that skilled workers will be inaccessible in rural areas.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
9. Nowadays plastic money replacements such as credit and debit cards are extremely popular, even more than banknotes and coins. Discuss the advantage and disadvantage of this and give your opinion.

It is an irrefutable fact that currently plastic payments cards are considered to be more attractive options than using currency notes. This essay will show that this is a welcome development and can enhance cashless payments. It will first suggest that availability of such convenience results in less or no handling of cash is the primary advantage, followed by a discussion of how it sometimes lead to fraudulent activities.

The main benefit banks credit and debit cards bring to customers is convenience as it avoids the necessity to carry huge cash. This is because these cards can be used for withdrawing money as well as for making purchases or payments offline as well as online. Visa debit is a prime example of it, which is widely accepted plastic money card, because it allows customers to use their cards worldwide without any extra additional service charge.

One possible drawback is that it can be misused if lost or stolen. This is because fraudsters not only use this stolen card’s information loaded on card like card number, expiry date to make online purchases for personal expenses but also access funds by withdrawing cash. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 90% of lost credit and debit cards data were hacked and misused by scammers.

Overall, it is a positive development because most people will take advantage of the convenience offered by plastic card payments when they have no cash or less cash in the wallet, rather than using it for fraud. Moreover, buying by means of a plastic card have more concession offer especially, when doing the online shopping.

In conclusion, the plastic money has provided a gateway to cashless dealings unlike anything seen before. Although it can sometimes lead to a fraudulent activity, it is a positive step in the evolution of modern trade and businesses.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
10. Many people nowadays change career more frequently than ever before while others stick to a single job. What is the advantage and disadvantage of changing career and give your opinion?

In recent times many individuals change their jobs repeatedly than in the past whereas others tend to rely on one job. This essay will show that changing occupations frequently is a welcome development and can enhance individual professional skills. It will first suggest that changing jobs each time results in better remuneration is the principal advantage, followed by a discussion of how it sometimes lead to bad impression on employers before hiring.

The main benefit of switching jobs is faster wage growth. This is because employers pay higher to new hires who have more skills and are significantly experienced employees in their prior job. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that employees working in multi-national companies often do better financially when they change jobs.

One possible drawback is that changing jobs too often could make employers hesitant before hiring. This is because training new employees takes an investment of time and money, and an employer might not want to hire an employee who leaves jobs in a year or two. A recent survey by an independent UK’s top recruitment agency concluded that 80% of employers do not hire new employees who frequently change careers.

Overall, it is a positive development because by changing jobs frequently most people will take the advantage of higher salary offered by new employers when they want to move the next stage in career, rather than thinking about their dishonest reputation.

In conclusion, changing jobs frequently provides higher wage growth unlike anything seen before. Although it can sometimes lead to bad status amongst employers, it is a positive step to earn more money and get advanced paid role.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
11. Overpopulation in many major urban centres around the world is a major problem. What is the cause of this? How can this problem be solved?

The population rising at an alarming rate in major capital cities across the globe is a pressing issue. This essay will suggest that the principal cause of this problem is the high employment opportunity in urban areas and constructing industries in countryside as a viable solution, followed by a reasoned conclusion.

The main cause that hugely effects the population of a city is its employment opportunity. This is because more industries in larger cities are evident along with large industrial areas, which means more job openings in cities. Due to such advantageous prospects, people are compelled to migrate to metro cities. Moreover, as there are considerable industries in the cities than in the countryside, many people opt to move to cities for better career. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 60% of families migrate from smaller towns to large urban centres every month because of the most common reason, namely high occupational opportunity.

The most practical solution to this problem is that the government should encourage industries to set-up their business operations in the rural places. Governing authorities should initiate systems to offer interest free business loan for entrepreneurs. Such lucrative proposal by the administrators will motivate more industries to move in rural areas. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at 200 multinational companies in The UK concluded that approximately 95% of those companies shifted their trade to rural areas when Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises offered interest free loan. This resulted in higher employment opportunities in countryside, and minimal migration of people from rural areas of The UK to London city.

To conclude, the current crowding of people in metro cities have been caused by more employment opportunities and states should curtail this by offering loan concessions to large enterprises which will encourage them to shift their productions plant in rural areas, and which will ultimately result in less migration of people from rural areas to urban cities.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
12. Many people today find it difficult to balance the demands of their work and personal life. What is the cause of this situation, and what can employers do to reduce the problem?

Nowadays, large number of people find it challenging to balance their responsibilities at home and work. This essay will suggest that the principal cause of this problem is working longer hours and employers support by giving more flexible working hours as a viable solution, followed by a reasoned conclusion.

The main cause is that many workers spent more than eight hours per day at work. This is because in today’s highly competitive business environment employees are trying to be successful, and wanted to achieve greater results which forces them to devote long hours at workplace. Due to such advantageous prospects, people are compelled to stay longer at work and intentionally neglect their obligations at home. This results in less time for socialising and reduced family bonding. Moreover, workers working for long time period everyday not only avoid to spend required time with family members but also are not able to contribute to household works. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 80% of employees working at Reliance industries spend more than 12 hours at work everyday resulting in imbalance in their personal and professional life.

The most practical solution to this problem is that the employers should provide flexible work schedule to their employees. Proprietors should initiate systems to offer a flexible schedule which includes the ability to adjust the days and hours of being in the office, and also allows workers to work remotely. Such proposal by employers will allow employees to work flexible hours and which will ultimately lead to balance between their professional and family needs. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at 200 multinational companies in The UK concluded that approximately 95% employees were able to balance and meet demands of personal and work obligations when their employers offered flexible working hours.

To conclude, the imbalance between demands in personal and professional life have been caused by working overtime and employers should curtail this by offering flexible working hours which will give people flexibility to meet family needs and work obligation conveniently.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
13. In the developed world, proportion of older people is increasing. What problem will this cause? Suggest measure that could be taken to reduce the impact of ageing populations.

In the modern advanced world, the expected lifespan of an aged individuals is gradually increasing. This essay will first suggest that the biggest problem caused by this phenomenon is significant increase in tax burden on working young adults, and enforcing later retirement policy by governments as the most viable solution.

The foremost problem caused by increasing population of senior citizens is higher tax load on employed young adults. This is because as the number of old age people increases, there will be relatively more people claiming pension benefits and paying less income taxes. This will ultimately result in higher tax rate on the current young workforce. Moreover, the percentage of young waged adults will be smaller, and tax collectors will, therefore, receive less tax money in relation to the size of the population. For instance, in Japan, the study based on 2 years of close observation discovered that approximately six in ten people are aged 65 years and over and this has resulted in higher tax burden on working young Japanese adults.

A possible solution to this problem would be to extend retirement age by governments. This will result in increased number of public servants who are entitled to work longer by law. As a consequence, higher income tax revenue will be collected and will eventually help less tax burden on working youngsters, and better economic growth of a country. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was conducted in France where retirement age was raised from 65 years to 70 years concluded that by imposing this law it not only increased government tax revenue by 70% but also working youngsters had excessive tax rate relief.

To conclude, higher tax load on employed young adults caused by increasing percentage of old age people is one of the foremost challenges we face and it will ultimately lead to decreased tax revenue, but a possible solution could be that administrators should increase compulsory retirement age already used by a country like France.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
14. Some people believe the aim of university education is to help graduates get better jobs. Others believe there are much wider benefits of university education for both individuals and society. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

It is often believed by some people that university education prepares graduates to get a good employment while others believe that it has more profound effects on society and individuals. In my opinion, I believe that higher university education is far beyond job prospects. This essay will discuss both points of view before coming to a reasoned conclusion.

It is clear that one of the aims of university study is to support the graduates in finding better jobs. This is because majority of high classified occupations like law, medicine and information technology require university qualifications after high school. Additionally, acquiring university degree not only provides people with the opportunity to earn more but also increases their status in the community. Despite these benefits, this essay disagrees that university education only helps graduates to obtain better jobs. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 90% of graduates after acquiring higher university qualifications are still unemployed and struggle to find professional job in their field.

However, many disagree and feel that university education offers more benefits for individuals and society, and is not only restricted to individual’s income. This is because during university education students meet different people from diverse society and background which benefits the nation by creating educated cultures. Moreover, it also benefits to develop a more easy-going approach towards other associated students and decreases the events of cultural intolerance. This results in a society full of individuals who can think forward which ultimately contribute towards social development. It is therefore agreed that university can do much more than just finding a right job, such as inculcating qualified attitudes in the graduates that can promote not only feeling of brotherhood but also make them to contribute towards the welfare of the overall society. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at top 10 universities in The USA concluded that these universities offer free education to all age group students, so citizens of America can contribute society in a positive way.

To conclude, although it is undeniable that some people believe that university education is important for getting better paid job, in my opinion university study has numerous benefits on individuals and society.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER
15. Some people think that the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison sentences. Others, however, believe there are better alternative ways of reducing crime. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

It is often believed by some people that the most efficient mode of reducing criminal activity is by imposing longer prison term while others believe that there are better alternative ways to manage this issue of growing crime. In my opinion, I believe that punishing and giving offenders longer sentence term is certainly the best way to reduce crime. This essay will discuss both points of view before coming to a reasoned conclusion.

It is clear that one of the aims of giving rigorous long-term prison punishment serve as a warning for criminals in many ways. This is because by putting criminals behind bars for longer period give them an opportunity to rethink what wrong they did. Additionally, offenders will have a chance to get rehabilitated through many services available inside prison. It is therefore agreed that punishing criminals by giving long period of prison sentence will work as a preventive measure to future criminals since it gives a clear indication to the society that convicts will receive highest degrees of punishments. For instance, in India, the study based on 10 years of close observation discovered that approximately 90% reduction in crime rate was noticed after enforcing extra years in jail.

However, many disagree and feel that there are many alternative better ways to keep the society crime free one of which is to conduct educational programs for prisoners in prison. This is because by educating them professional and personal lives of these individuals after they leave prison show great changes. Moreover, many ex-offenders struggle to reintegrate into their communities and face significant challenges in re-entering the job market. By such method criminals could restart their life again with positivity. Despite these benefits, this essay disagrees that such programs will restrict crime rate in the communities. To illustrate, the recent piece of research which was aimed at top 5 prisons in The USA concluded that 90% of criminals returned to prison within 2 years nevertheless these criminals were given education in prison.

To conclude, although it is undeniable that some people believe that there are other ways which will curb criminals in committing crimes, in my opinion giving extended prison sentence is definitely the most effective method to reduce crime rates in the community.

AUTHOR | PURVESH PATEL | IELTS TEACHER

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